Research methodologies

Social science resources

Policy alternatives

Conflict futures

Study centers online

Indonesian research centers

Print, media resources




Policy Alternatives


Basic principles


- United Nations and multilateral organizations

Geneva Conventions: A Reference Guide

Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (Brahimi Report)

International Conferences on New or Restored Democracies (1988, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003)

An Agenda for Peace: Preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peace-keeping. Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to the statement adopted by the Summit Meeting of the Security Council on 31 January 1992. A/47/277 - S/24111, 17 June 1992.

Supplement to an Agenda for Peace (3 January 1995)

An Agenda for Development (6 May 1994)

UN Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards (August 2006) [Briefing Note for Senior Managers]

OECD DAC Guidelines: Helping Prevent Violent Conflict (1997, 2001)

OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform: Supporting Security and Justice (2007)

OECD DAC Guidelines: Security System Reform and Governance [Sources]  

OECD DAC Guidelines: The Challenge of Capacity Development: Working Towards Good Practice

Security Council Resolution 1325 regarding Women, Peace and Security (31 October 2000) [Annotated and Explained (UNIFEM; .pdf., 239kb)]

Commission on the Status of Women: Agreed Conclusions on Women's Equal Participation (1-12 March 2004; pdf121kb)

Prevention of Armed Conflict. Report of the Secretary General on the Work of the Organization (7 June 2001) [update 2006, pdf2.13mb]

Security Council: Small Arms, Report to the Secretary General (17 April 2008, pdf102kb)

UN Peacemaker: DDR Operational Guidance Note (June 2006)

UNHCR Selected Refugee Policy Documents

UNHCR Handbooks and Guides

Guidelines and Guidance, Civil Military Coordination Section (CMCS) - UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

Guidelines on the Use of Military and Civil Defense Assets in Disaster Relief - "Oslo Guidelines" (Updated November 2006, pdf424kb)

Minority Rights and the Prevention of Ethnic Conflicts (Fernand de Varennes, May 2000, UN Economic and Social Council)

International Finance Corporation (IFC) Environmental, Social, Sustainability and Performance Standards

EU Human Rights and Democratisation Policy (overview) [Documents]

EU Annual Report on Human Rights 2006 [2005]

RAND: The Beginner's Guide to Nation-Building

UNICEF: The Paris Principles: Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups (February 2007, pdf377kb)

Good Humanitarian Donorship

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (OECD, March 2005

UN: The Millennium Development Goals Report (June 2007, pdf883kb)


Key Components of Conflict Recovery: Knowledge, Guidelines and Best Practices


- Humanitarian response


OCHA Online

ODI Humanitarian Policy Group

Humanitarian Reform

Inter-Agency Standing Committee [IASC Cluster Working Groups Self-Assessment Nov 2006]

Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN)

Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action

The SPHERE Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (English handbook - full version) [Focal points]

Report on Integrated Missions: Practical Perspectives and Recommendations

Resources on Internally-Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Forced Migration

Methodologies for the Study of Conflict and Recovery

Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) Modules (20 Modules in Bahasa Indonesia)

Mental Health and Psychosocial Support In Emergency Settings: Checklist for Field Settings (IASC)


- Conflict sensitivity

Getting the Policies Right: The Prioritization and Sequencing of Policies in Post-Conflict Countries (A. Timilsina, 2007)

Minority Rights: The Key to Conflict Prevention (Minority Rights Group, May 2007, pdf436kb)

DFID: Preventing Violent Conflict (pdf686kb, May 2007)

Conflict Sensitive Approaches to Development: A Review of Practice (Cynthia Gaigals with Manuela Leonhardt; Saferworld, International Alert and International Development Research Centre), 2001.

Do No Harm Handbook (CDA, Nov 2004)

Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment and Conflict Sensitivity, May 2004. Bern: KOFF Centre for Peacebuilding

A Measure of Peace: Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment (PCIA) of Development Projects in Conflict Zones. Working paper No. 1. Ottowa: International Development Research Centre

Conflict Sensitive Planning Resource Pack (12 March 2004, FEWER, International Alert and Saferworld)

Conflict Prognostication: Toward a Tentative Framework for Conflict Assessment, Revised version (Suzanne Verstegen, September 1999)

The Conflict Management Toolkit. Washington: SAIS-JHU

DFID: How to Note on Country Governance Analysis (CGA; pdf725kb, February 2007)

IDRC Social and Economic Policy: Peace, Conflict and Development

The Systematic Approach to Conflict Transformation: Concepts and Fields of Application (Berghof Research Center, October 2006; pdf800kb)

Addressing the Economic Dimensions of Peacebuilding Through Trade and Support to Private Enterprise (International Alert, September 2006)

KAIPTC: Cultural Diversity in Peace Operations: Training Challenges (March 2005, pdf574kb)

The Impact of Spoilers on Peace Processes and Peacebuilding (UNU Policy Brief 2, 2006, pdf160kb)

SIDA: Reintegrating Ex-Combatants in Post-Conflict Societies (May 2005, pdf625kb)

Integrating Conflict Sensitivity into UN Planning and Programming, Lessons Learned Workshop [local]

Conflict and Development: Peacebuilding and Post-conflict Reconstruction (UK House of Commons, October 2006)

PERI (James K. Boyce): Post Conflict Recovery: Resource Mobilization and Peacebuilding (Feb 2008)

Linking Environment and Conflict Prevention: The Role of the UN (CSS and Swisspeace 2008, pdf3.9mb)


- Gender mainstreaming

Because I Am a Girl: The State of the World's Girls 2007 (Plan, pdf4mb)

Because I Am a Girl: The State of the World's Girls 2008 : Special Focus: In the Shadow of War (Plan, pdf5mb)

Building Safer Organisations Handbook: Training Materials on Receiving and Investigating Allegations of Abuse and Exploitation by Humanitarian Workers (ICVA, February 2007, pdf3.29mb)

Reproductive Health Response in Conflict Consortium

Report on the International Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond (Brussels, 21-23 June 2006; pdf460kb)

Getting it Right, Doing it Right: Gender and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (UNIFEM, October 2005; pdf503kb)

Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings (IASC, September 2005; pdf 1.89mb)

The Role of Women in Peacebuilding (European Center for Conflict Prevention, Jan 2005; .doc, 166kb)

Roles of Women and Men in Violent Conflicts (KOFF Info Sheet, March 2004; pdf30kb)

Women's Contribution to Conflict Prevention, Early Warning and Disarmament (Felicity Hill, 2003; pdf 78kb)

If Not Now, When? Addressing Gender-based Violence in Refugee, Internally Displaced, and Post-conflict Settings (Jeanne Ward, Reproductive Health Consortium, April 2002, pdf7.04mb)

Gender-aware Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR): A Checklist (UNIFEM; pdf147kb)

Bridge: Development-Gender

Siyanda: Mainstreaming Gender Equality

Working with Men and Boys to Promote Gender Equality (2005, STC, pdf885kb)

Genre en Action: Portail d'Information et de Ressources sur Genre et Développement

Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID)

IDRC Social and Economic Policy: Women's Rights and Citizenship

Coalition for Women's Human Rights in Conflict Situations

Women Living Under Muslim Laws

Women's Learning Partnership for Rights, Development and Peace

EU Gender Mainstreaming

FAO Gender and Food Security

FAO Socio-economic and Gender Analysis Programme

ILO International Training Centre: Gender Coordination Unit

UN INSTRAW  [Securing Equality, Engendering Peace Policy Guide (pdf1.22mb)]

UNDP Gender Approaches in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations [local]

Eldis Gender Mainstreaming

Indonesia Country Profile: Domestic Violence (UNIFEM Jakarta; pdf311kb)

Sexual Violence: Weapon of War, Impediment to Peace (FMR 27, January 2007, pdf2.78mb)

WomanStats Database

Red Shoes: Experiences of Girl-Combatants in Liberia (Irma Specht, ILO Geneva, 2006, pdf1.27mb) [local]


- Human security

Human Security Centre [Human Security Report]

Human Security Gateway

Commission on Human Security [Human Security Now]

UNDP and Human Security [Guidance Note by Richard Jolly and Deepayan Basu Ray (pdf591kb)]

UNDP Human Development Report 1994: New Dimensions of Human Security

Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor

Why Human Security? by Amartya Sen (pdf37kb)

Canadian Consortium on Human Security [Human Security Bulletin]

CRISE: Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity

HumanTrafficking.org [Indonesia]

ICRC: Missing Persons, A Human Tragedy (pdf1mb)

UK International Policing

www.enoughproject.org. - The Project to Abolish Genocide + Mass Atrocities

Peace Support Operations: Information and Guidance for UK Police Personnel (FCO London, April 2007, pdf2.5mb)

Providing Aid in Insecure Environments: Trends in Policy and Operations (HPG-ODI, September 2006, pdf729kb)

Towards Safe and Sustainable Communities: Addressing Armed Violence as a Development Priority (Plowshares, May 2007)

IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings 2007, pdf616kb)

HPN INEE Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crisis and Early Reconstruction (December 2006, pdf554kb)

Human Security and the Pivotal Role of Science in Achieving It (Peter Walker, November 2006, pdf196kb)

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)

International Council on Human Rights Policy: Ends & Means: Human Rights Approaches to Armed Groups (2000, pdf318KB)

State Failure Revisited I: Globalization of Security and Neighborhood Effects (INEF Report 87/2007, pdf1.04mb)

State Failure Revisited II: Actors of Violence and Alternative Forms of Governance (INEF Report 89/2007, pdf1.21mb)

NUIP: The Protection of Civilians and the Post-Conflict Security Sector: A Conceptual and Historical Overview (pdf 2.15mb)


- Participation

IPU: Free and Fair Elections (New Expanded Edition, 2006)

IFES: State Structure and Electoral Systems in Post-Conflict Situations (pdf2.96mb)

Participatory Development as New Paradigm (Ray Jennings, 2000, pdf46kb)

IDS: Participation, Power and Social Change

Development Research Centre: Citizenship, Participation and Accountability

LogoLink Citizen Participation and Local Governance

Legal and Policy Frameworks for Citizen Participation: Synthesis Report for Southeast Asia (Joel Rocamora, pdf449kb)

Civic Engagement in Local Government Renewal in Indonesia (Hans Antlöv, pdf 397kb)

Participatory Development Forum [Training on Participatory Research Methods (pdf379kb)]


EU Election Assistance & Observation

Minority Rights Group International: Electoral Systems and the Protection and Participation of Minorities (pdf364kb)

UNDP: Good Governance for the People Involving the People (pdf630kb)

Fighting Corruption from Aceh to Papua/Melawan Korupsi dari Aceh sampai Papua (Kemitraan)

Anti-Corruption Guide: Lessons from Indonesia (World Bank, 15 March 2003, pdf190kb)

Monitoring Corruption: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia (Benjamin A. Olken; pdf305kb) [2005 study finds increased participation does not reduce corruption]

Combating Corruption in a Decentralized Indonesia (World Bank, June 2007, executive summary)

Corruption and Armed Conflicts: Some Stirring Around in the Governance Soup (JC Andvig, May 2007, pdf522kb)

Poverty, Aid and Corruption Discussion Paper (Transparency International, June 2007, pdf383kb)

Transparency International: Corruption Fighters' Tool Kit

Wikis, Webs, and Networks: Creating Connections for Conflict Prone Settings (Rebecca Linder, CSIS, October 2006)


- Sustainable livelihoods

Post-Conflict Recovery: How Should Policies Be Distinctive? (Paul Collier, May 2007, pdf269kb)

Slow-onset Disasters: Drought and Food and Livelihoods Insecurity (ALNAP, 2007, pdf292kb)

Employment Generation and Economic Development in Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations (USIP, March 2007, pdf1.96mb)

Making the New Indonesia Work for the Poor (World Bank, 7 December 2006)

Poverty and Civil War: What Policymakers Need to Know (Brookings, December 2006, pdf779kb)

Livelihoods Connect (Institute of Development Studies, www.livelihoods.org)

Keysheets for Sustainable Livelihoods (Overseas Development Institute)

SD Gateway: The Search for Sustainable Livelihoods

World Business Council for Sustainable Development [SL Video Library]

Development Alternatives: Sustainable Livelihoods

York University & IRIS: Sustainable Livelihoods

International Institute for Sustainable Development [Community Adaptation and Sustainable Livelihoods]

EU External Relations: Environment and Sustainable Development

IFAD Sustainable Livelihoods Approach

Mercy Corps: Sustainability Field Study (Dec 2007, pdf2.86mb)

Rural Recovery in Fragile States: Agricultural Support in Countries Emerging from Conflict (ODI, February 2007)

DFID Rural Livelihoods Department: Livelihood Options

FAO Sustainable Development Department: Sustainable Livelihoods

FAO Right to Food Guidelines (May 2006, pdf 898kb)

FAO Tomorrow's Hunger: A Framework for Analysing Vulnerability to Food Insecurity (October 2005, pdf260kb)

FAO Understanding Vulnerability to Food Insecurity: Lessons from Vulnerable Livelihood Profiling (October 2004, pdf491kb)

UNHCR Refugee Livelihoods Project

Households in Conflict Network (HiCN)

On the Links between Violence and Chronic Poverty: How Much Do We Really Know? (Patricia Justino, July 2006) [local]

Poverty and Violent Conflict: A Micro-Level Perspective on the Causes and Duration of Warfare (P. Justino, May 2008)

Chronic Poverty Research Centre

International Poverty Centre

Poverty in Focus: What Is Poverty? Concepts and Measures (UNDP International Poverty Centre, December 2006; pdf351kb))

UC Atlas of Global Inequality

The Microfinance Gateway [Resource Centers]

Microfinance Misses Its Mark (Aneel Karnani, Stanford Social Innovation Review, Summer 2007) [pdf626kb local]

CGAP: Building Financial Systems for the Poor



- Transitional justice

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

International Center for Transitional Justice

The Struggle for Peace and Justice: A Survey of Transitional Justice Initiatives Throughout Indonesia (ICTJ, January 2004)

Re-imagining Peace After Massacres

University of Ulster: Transitional Justice Institute

Restorative Justice Online

Center for Restorative Justice and Peacemaking

INCORE Guide to Internet Resources on Truth and Reconciliation (December 2002)


Reparations, Reconciliation and Forced Migration (Megan Bradley, FMO Research Guide, October 2006)

International Internet Bibliography on Transitional Justice, by Gunnar Theissen

Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding: Reconciliation and Transitional Justice, by Catherine Morris (Peacemakers)

Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding: Restorative Justice, by Catherine Morris (Peacemakers)

Chega! Final Report of the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor (CAVR)

Statement of the Special Rapporteur on Torture, Manfred Nowak to the 4th Session of the UNHRC (26 March 2007)

The Effects of Transitional Justice Mechanisms (CIPS, 29 Apr 2008, pdf1.3mb)

Making the Law Work for Everyone (CLEP Report, pdf1.4mb)


You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to view PDF files. Download it for free from the Adobe website.