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4th EuroSEAS Conference


1-4 September 2004, Université de Paris / Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris

Panel 3: Violence in Southeast Asia: Ethnicity, Nationalism and Religion

Conveners: Hélène Bouvier, Huub de Jonge, Glenn Smith

[Panel 3 list] [Panel 3 abstracts] [Jakarta Post report on conference]



LIPI-MOST UNESCO-CNRS-UNDP  International Conference


Conflict in Asia Pacific: State of the Field and the Search for Viable Solutions

22-24 October 2003, Hotel Nikko, Jakarta [photo]

Conveners: Glenn Smith and Dewi Fortuna Anwar

Download Conference program (54kb)

From Knowledge to Practice Outcomes (following up from the Conference)



PMB-LASEMA Study Group Seminar Series on Conflict


Chair: Glenn Smith


Past seminars (partial list):


Thursday, 16 January 2003,  10:00-12:00, PDII-LIPI Library Building, 1st Floor

Dr. Stephen Castles (Director of the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford, UK): Public Lecture: The New Global Politics and the Emerging Forced Migration Regime. (Lecture presented in the framework of the PMB-LIPI/Oxford Refugee Studies Centre cooperation)


Tuesday, 26 November 2002

Dr. Jacques Sémelin (Research Director CADIS-CNRS): Conceptualizing massacre. 


Thursday, 4 July 2002

Glenn Smith (LASEMA): Konflik dalam Perspektif Ilmu Sosial: Beberapa Pertimbangan Metodologis dalam Penelitian Lapangan [Conflict from a Social Science Perspective: Some Methodological Considerations for Field Research]


Thursday, 28 June 2002

Dr. Helene Bouvier-Smith (LASEMA-CNRS): Konflik di Kalimantan Barat dan Tengah: Hasil Penelitian Lapangan [Conflict in West and Central Kalimantan: Field Research Results]


A Special One-Day Seminar

Tuesday, 19 March 2002

Dr. Muriel Charras (LASEMA-CNRS): Communal Conflicts and their Management in the Process of Regional Autonomy: Research Challenges for the Geographer (10:30-11:30)

Dr. Riwanto Tirtosudarmo (PMB-LIPI): Mobilitas Geografis dan Etnik Konflik [Geographical Mobility and Ethnic Conflict] (11:30-12:30)

Lunch break

Dr. Henny Warsilah (PMB-LIPI): Membaca Kembali Masalah Konflik di Kalimantan Barat [Reflecting on the Problem of Conflict in West Kalimantan] (13:30-14:30)

Dr. A. Latief Wiyata: Situasi Post-konflik di Kalimantan dan Madura [The Post-Conflict Situation in Kalimantan and Madura] (14:30-15:30)


Tuesday, 4 December 2001

Dr. Helene Bouvier-Smith (LASEMA-CNRS): Pertanyaan Titik Tolak dalam Penelitian Konflik di Kalimantan [Point of Departure for Research on Conflict in Kalimantan]

Drs. Glenn Smith (LASEMA): Kekerasan dan Keadilan di Madura [Violence and Justice in Madura]



IPSK-CNRS Reading Group Seminars

Chair: Glenn Smith

Past meetings (partial list):


Tuesday, 18 May 2004: 10:30-12:30, 6th Floor seminar room :

Budi Agustono (lecturer at Department of History,  University of North Sumatera, Medan, and PhD candidate at University of Helsinki, Finland) talked to us about his ongoing research on "Ethnic Conflict in North Sumatra, Indonesia: The Case of Dairi Regency, 1950 - 2001." A discussion followed. His text is available (to download click here; MSWord, 34kb).


Wednesday, 28 April 2004 : 10:30-12:30, 6th Floor seminar room

Ian L. Betts (Senior Associate of Harvest International Indonesia) led a discussion entitled: "Post-Suharto social conflict in Indonesia: The impact of reformasi, otonomi daerah and the role of political elites; A comparative review and some indications for a way forward." An edited version of the reading materials may be downloaded by clicking here (MSWord file 169kb).


Thursday 12 February 2004: 10:00-12:00, 6th Floor seminar room

Fadjar I. Thufail (Anthropology, U of Wisconsin-Madison ; Rockefeller Fellow, Simpson Center for Humanities, U of Washington-Seattle) gave a talk entitled "Event Explained, Voice Narrated: Reading Communal Riots in/from South Asia and Southeast Asia." Participants read his text, which may be downloaded by clicking here (MSWord file 68kb).


Tuesday 20 January 2004: 10:30-12:00, UNSFIR Office, Surya Building 9th Floor, Jl. Thamrin Kav. 9, Jakarta 10350

M. Iqbal Djajadi (UI and Universiteit Nijmegen) gave a talk on the conflicts in West Kalimantan followed by discussion. His paper entitled "Kekerasan Etnik & Perdamaian Etnik: Dinamika Relasi Sosial antara Dayak, Melayu, Cina dan Madura di Kalimantan Barat" may be downloaded by clicking here (MSWord file 86kb).


Wednesday 17 December 2003: 10:30-12:00, 6th Floor seminar room

Muridan S. Widjojo (LIPI) gave a talk entitled "Separatism as a Cultural Phenomenon: The Papuan Case" followed by discussion. Participants read his text

1) Di Antara Kebutuhan Demokrasi dan Kemenangan Politik Kekerasan: Konflik Papua Pasca Orde Baru, an .rtf file (160kb), which may be downloaded by clicking here.

* For background, participants also read two recent texts relevant to Papua:

2) Indonesian Human Rights Abuses in West Papua: Application of the Law of Genocide to the History of Indonesian Control, a report prepared by Yale Law School's Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic at the request of the Indonesia Human Rights Network. The report released 10 December 2003 may be downloaded in .pdf format (258kb, version dated April 2004) by clicking here.

3) Dividing Papua: How Not To Do It, an ICG report released 9 April 2003. The report in .pdf format (150kb) may be downloaded by clicking here.


Tuesday 11 November 2003: 11:00-13:00, 6th Floor seminar room

Yulia Sugandi (Center for Intercultural Counselling, Bandung and Joensuu University, Finland) gave a talk entitled "Exploring Collective Violence in Sambas Through the Construction of Collective Identity" followed by discussion. Her paper, a large .pdf file (666kb), can be downloaded by clicking here.


Monday 15 September 2003: 10:30-12:30, 6th Floor seminar room

Dr. Made Tony Supriatma (Cornell University) gave a talk entitled "Communal Violence in Indonesia: Theory and Practice" followed by discussion. 

Dr. Made Tony Supriatma's paper for the session, a MS Word .doc file (92kb), can be downloaded by clicking here


Thursday 17 July 2003: 10:30-12:30, 11th Floor seminar room

Dr. Ian Chalmers (Curtin University of Technology, Perth) gave a talk entitled "The Dayak Resurgence and Ethnic Politics in Central Kalimantan" followed by discussion. For general reading, participants looked at the following text, the first chapter of a book by Prof. Michael Mann (UCLA) that will appear next year: The Dark-Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing. Cambridge University Press, 2004. (Chapter 1: The Argument). From the description: "A comparative and historical study of murderous ethnic cleansing through history and during colonial times in America, Australia and South-West Africa, followed by detailed case-studies of Armenia, Nazi Germany, three communist regimes (Stalin, Mao and the Khmer Rouge), Rwanda, Yugoslavia, India and Indonesia." (Note: the Indonesia case, not developed in this chapter, appears to refer to 1965-66) The chapter may be downloaded at: http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/mann/ETHNIC.pdf


Wednesday 16 July 2003: 10:00-12:00, 11th Floor seminar room

Dr. Moch. Nurhasim (RIDEP Institute and LIPI) gave a talk in Bahasa Indonesia entitled "Anatonomi Konflik Aceh," followed by discussion. For background, participants read:

1) the 9 May 2003 ICG (International Crisis Group) report:

Aceh: Why the Military Solution Still Won't Work. The full text may be downloaded at:


2) the 5 June 2003 Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper:

Aceh Under Martial Law: Human Rights Under Fire. The full text may be downloaded at:



Thursday 26 June 2003: 10:00-12:00, 11th Floor seminar room

Dr. Ikrar Nusa Bhakti (LIPI) and Dr. Richard Chauvel discussed their paper entitled "The View of Papua from Jakarta and Beyond: National and International Dimensions of the Conflict."


Thursday, 22 May 2003, 10:00-12:00,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 6th Floor:

Dr. Huub de Jonge (Katholieke Universiteit, Nijmegan, The Netherlands) discussed his article Stereotypes of the Madurese (pp. 7-24 in Kees van Dijk, Huub de Jonge and Elly Touwen-Bouwsma, eds, Across Madura Strait: The Dynamics of an Insular Society [Leiden: KITLV, 1995]) and the implications for research on ethnic conflicts in Indonesia. For an overview of recent advances in cognitive stereotyping theory, a complement to the sociocultural and historical approach, participants also read pages 5 to 30 in Tadesse Araya's Stereotypes: Suppression, Forgetting, and False Memory (Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2003), available for download at:


Wednesday, 7 May 2003, 10:00-12:00,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 11th Floor:

Dr. Gerry van Klinken (KITLV, Leiden, The Netherlands) presented his assessment of the conflict between Dayak and Madurese in Central Kalimantan, followed by discussion. Participants read his article "Indonesia's new ethnic elites" (Central and East Kalimantan, pp.67-105 in Indonesia: In search of transition, edited by Henk Schulte Nordholt and Irwan Abdullah, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2002 (proceedings of a Dutch-Indonesian research conference held in Yogyakarta, August 2001). Available for download at:



Wednesday, 16 April 2003, 10:00-12:00,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 6th Floor:

Thung Ju Lan (PMB-LIPI) presented and led discussion on the article by Louk Hagendoorn (1993) "Ethnic Categorization and Outgroup Exclusion: Cultural Values and Social Stereotypes in the Construction of Ethnic Hierarchies", Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 26-51.


Wednesday, 19 March 2003, 10:00-12:00,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 11th Floor:

Prasetyohadi presented and opened for discussion the results of his research on the conflict in Maluku and the work of BakuBae. Participants read the following texts:

- Majority of the Maluku People Support "From Below" Approach of Conflict Resolution (English version in MS Word) : MalukuPublicOpinionPoll-2002.doc

- Mayoritas Masyarakat Maluku Mengdukung Pendekatan Penyelesaian Konflik "Dari Bawah" (versi Bahasa Indonesia in pdf) : http://www.preventconflict.org/portal/main/research/TafsirJajakPendapatDiMaluku2002.pdf
-  Map of Respondent Locations :



Wednesday, 19 February 2003, 10:00-12:00,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 11th Floor:

Dr. Riwanto Tirtosudarmo (PMB-LIPI) continued the Reading Group discussion of Prof. Frances Stewart's conflict theories and their relevance for Indonesian conflicts, following the presentation of Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin (UNSFIR, Jakarta) in January. 


Wednesday, 15 January 2003,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 11th Floor:

Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin (UNSFIR, Jakarta): Reading Group discussion of Prof. Frances Stewart's conflict theories and their relevance for Indonesian conflicts (download his draft research plan). Participants read the following texts:

- Stewart, Frances. 2002. Root Causes of Violent Conflict in Developing Countries. BMJ 324:342-345. http://bmj.com/cgi/reprint/324/7333/342.pdf or http://www.who.int/disasters/repo/7694.pdf

- Stewart, Frances. 2001. Horizontal Inequality: A Neglected Dimension of Development. WIDER Annual Lecture 5. Helsinki: World Institute for Development Economics Research, United Nations University. http://www.wider.unu.edu/events/annuel-lecture-2001.htm


Tuesday, 17 December 2002,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 11th Floor:

Dr. Ashutosh Varshney (Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for South Asian Studies at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor): Presentation by Prof. Varshney of his theories on conflict and conflict resolution, followed by discussion. Participants read the following texts:

- Chapters 1 and 2 (pp 3-52) of Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2002.

Ethnic Conflict and Civil Society: India and Beyond. World Politics 53(3):362-98, April 2000.


Wednesday, 13 November 2002,  LIPI Widya Graha Building, 6th Floor:

Glenn Smith (LASEMA): Discussion of two opposing texts:

- Thomas F. Homer-Dixon. Environment, Scarcity, and Violence (Princeton University Press, 1999), Chapters 1 & 2.
- Betsy Hartmann. "Will the Circle Be Unbroken? A Critique of the Project on Environment, Population, and Security." Pp. 39-62 in Nancy Lee Peluso and Michael Watts, eds., Violent Environments (Cornell University Press, 2001)

Click here for some notes on the differences between the two positions.


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